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SCI论文写作时,动词该怎么用呢?

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点击次数:241 更新时间:2021年08月30日08:32:51 打印此页 关闭

1. Use strong verbs


动词是驱动英语的动力,他们使句子生动活泼,是句子中最重要的元素, 动词选择对句子的影响非常之大,因此要少用无实际意义的be动词,要选择表意较强的动词。

 

例句


A. Loud music came from speakers embedded in the walls, and the entire arena moved as the hungry crowd got to its feet.

 

B. Loud music exploded from speakers embedded in the walls, and the entire arena shook as the hungry crowd leaped to its feet.

 

A句也具有很强的描述性,但是一与B句对比,就能发现A句缺乏表现力。B句仅换了两个动词,就体现出真正的表达力、生动性和主动性。所以尽量少使用be动词,始终要花时间去选择最佳的动词,使你的文章独具一格。

 

2. Avoid turning verbs into nouns


许多科研论文有个把动词转换成名词的习惯,本身该用动词的地方都被换成了名词,然而名词结构的过多使用反而会模糊语句的关系线条,使得文章晦涩难懂,而动词的使用则可以简洁明了地把语句结构清晰呈现。

 

例句


During DNA damage, recognition of H3K4me3 by ING2 results inrecruitment of Sin3/HDAC and repression of cell proliferation genes.

 

其中recognition, recruitment和repression三个词本身具有动词形式,表达某一动作,但在这里被用作名词,然而名词结构的过多使用会使句子具有歧义,模糊不清。

 

换做动词:During DNA damage, H3K4me3 recruits ING2 and Sin3/HDAC, which together repress cell proliferation genes.

 

换作动词结构后,各主语之间的关系线条(Who does what to whom?)更加清晰,句意表达更加清晰。

 

将动词换成名词使用,通常会使句子结构显得笨重多余,不如直接使用具有动感的动词:

Obtain estimate of -- estimate

Has seen an expansion in -- has exploded

Provides a methodologic emphasis -- emphasizes methodology

Take an assessment of --assess

 

3. Dont bury the main verb

 

主语与谓语之间的距离不能太远,中间不能插入太多东西,否则容易使句子的心脏(谓语动词)消失,使句子失去生命力。

 

下面这句话的主要动词是什么呢?

One study of 930 adults with multiple sclerosis (MS) receiving care in one of two managed care settings or in a fee-for-service setting found that only two-thirds of those needing to contact a neurologist for an MS-related problem in the prior 6 months had done so (Vickrey et al 1999).

 

主语One study 和谓语动词found之间距离太远,读者为找到主要动词花了太多精力,容易迷失掉主要信息。

 

只需简单把动词往前一移,句意就会清晰许多:


One study found that, of 930 adults with multiple sclerosis (MS) receiving care in one of two managed care settings or in a fee-for-service setting, only two-thirds of those needing to contact a neurologist for an MS-related problem in the prior 6 months had done so (Vickrey et al 1999).



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